- Hate to study?
- Can’t concentrate for more than 15-20 minutes?
- Manage to make average grades from what you retain in class and with the little studying you manage to do?
- Tired of being average.
Studying is not the same as learning. Here are some strategies to help you study effectively:
- Know your purpose. Scan the content to identify the most important concepts you need to know to achieve the top grade. Make a list of items to memorize. Quantify – only by being objective will you increase your productivity.
All goals should be “SMART”
- S pecific (not something vague)
- M easurable
- A chievable
- R ecorded (written down)
- T imed (have a time limit)
- Limit studying time. Study for specific periods of time or to learn and master a specific concepts or problem set. Either way, be sure you study for 100% of the time you commit to – no smartphones, no internet, no TV, no distractions.
- Multiple Sources. Sometimes its not enough to know ‘just enough’. You might not completely understand a topic/concept or you may understand some of it but not enough.
To solve this dilemma, read/view/talk to multiple sources. Remember: one author may explain something better than another. Its vital to refer to different sources to strengthen your understanding.
Select the best sources. If there are high-yield versions of textbooks, pre-made notes optimized for retention, mnemonics collections, essential problem sets (and solutions), use them.
- Feynman technique. This Mental Model, named after Richard Feynman, a Nobel Prize Winning Physicist, designed as a technique assist with learning new concepts as if you were explaining them to a complete beginner. His technique includes drawing diagrams, schematics and notes on a blank sheet of paper.
- Cultivate daily habits. The best approach to successful studying is to train daily for a relatively short amount of time. 30 min of difficult math problems every day is much more effective than 3 weekly sessions of 2 hours each.
- If you’re going to take notes, do it right. Note taking is associated with better retention rates than just reading or reviewing pre-existing notes.
- Don’t cram for tests. If you are going to do well in a test then you need to be relaxed. In the days before a test you should do nothing more stressful than a couple of hours gently reviewing your notes to assure yourself you know your stuff.
- Make a study guide. As the student puts together a study guide, he also is putting small chunks of information systematically into his brain. An auditory or kinesthetic learner can talk out loud as he creates his study guide.
- Put together a study group. For older students, it is a good idea to study the information with others. It gives students the opportunity to make sure each student understands the material and has studied in a comprehensive manner. Students can quiz each other on information and create outlines for possible essay questions.
- Use flashcards. If you need to memorize things, you need tools. Create your own or use one of the apps available
- Practice and test yourself. The best way to learn is to use the knowledge you are trying to acquire. You’ll figure out your weak spots in your understanding of complex concepts. There are resources online to test any kind of subject.
- Planning can reduce stress and anxiety. Set your goals, plan your studying techniques and stick to the plan.
- Cultivate the right mindset. Essential qualities of all productive students include: Diligence, Discipline, Direction and Durability.
Do exactly what you have to do daily, no matter what.
Think positively! Try to imagine yourself getting an A+ on the exam. Imagine getting questions you know the answers to, expressing yourself clearly and concisely, and feeling good about yourself and your performance. Think about how good you will feel inside when the test is over and all your preparation has paid off.